Gusli is a stringed musical instrument, the most common in Russia.
The harp is a flat box-resonator with strings stretched over it. Under various names – cannel, kankles, kok-le, kantele, kusle, kesle – this multi-stringed plucked instrument is known among the peoples of the Baltic and Volga regions.
Gusli has been known in Russia since the 11th century. In shape, the pterygoid gusli was distinguished, also called voiced or arched, and helmet-shaped. Both of them, while playing, were kept on their knees, Continue reading
French horn (from German Waldhorn – “forest horn”, Italian. Corno, English french horn, French. Cor) – brass wind musical instrument bass-tenor register. It came from a hunting signal horn; it entered the orchestra in the middle of the 17th century. Until the 1830s, like other copper instruments, it had no valves and was a natural instrument with a limited sound scale.
Among its closest neighbors, brass instruments, the horn stands out for its particularly melodious, velvety and warm timbre, and its thoughtfully lyrical sound. Its distant predecessor was a hunting horn, as evidenced by the name itself: translated from German, “horn” means “forest horn”.
Hence, the first impression of the sound of the horn is associated with the boundless distance, nature, forests and fields. But the horn is also characterized by courageous, dramatic colors, they remind of the other side of the life of an ancient instrument, which in the Middle Ages gave a signal to the start of knightly tournaments. The hunting horn was held up to the bell. Only 14-15 sounds could be played on it. Continue reading
Oboe (from fr. Hautbois, literally “tall tree”, English, German and Italian. Oboe) is a woodwind musical instrument of the soprano register of the symphony orchestra, which is a conical tube with a valve system and a double cane (tongue). Oboe acquired a modern look in the first half of the 18th century. The instrument has a melodious, but somewhat nasal, and in the upper register – a sharp timbre.
The oboe can also be a member of a brass band, in various chamber ensembles. By the sound of “la” oboe, an orchestra is tuned.
Oboe device is complicated. The sound in it occurs as a result of the vibration of two connected reed plates, called a cane, which is mounted on a metal tube – a pin and tightly tied with a thread. The diameter of the pin and the size of the reed plates affect the structure of the instrument, its timbre and sound quality. The cane is the “vocal cords” of the Continue reading